Craig R. Denegar; Sayers J. Miller, III
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA
Craig R. Denegar, PhD, PT, ATC, and Sayers J. Miller, III, PhD, PT, ATC, contributed to conception and design; acquisition and analysis and interpretation of the data; and drafting, critical revision, and final approval of the article.
Address correspondence to Craig R. Denegar, PhD, PT, ATC, 269-C Recreation Building, Pennsylvania State University,
University Park, PA 16802. Address e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org.
To pose the question, ‘‘Can chronic ankle instability be prevented?’’ The evaluation and treatment of chronic ankle instability is a significant challenge in athletic health care. The condition affects large numbers of athletes and is associated with reinjury and impaired performance. The management
of acute injuries varies widely but in athletic training has traditionally focused on initial symptom management and rapid return to activity. A review of practice strategies and philosophies suggests that a more detailed evaluation of all joints affected by the injury, correction of hypomobility, and protection of healing structures may lead to a more optimal long-term outcome.
Sprains to the lateral ankle are common in athletes, and the reinjury rate is high. These injuries are often perceived as being isolated to the anterior talofibular and calcaneofibular ligaments. It is, however, becoming apparent that a lateral ankle sprain can injure other tissues and result in joint dysfunction throughout the ankle complex.
We begin by addressing the relationship between mechanical and functional instability. We then discuss
normal ankle mechanics, sequelae to lateral ankle sprains, and abnormal ankle mechanics. Finally, tissue healing, joint dysfunction, and the management of acute lateral ankle sprain are reviewed, with an emphasis on restoring normal mechanics of the ankle-joint complex. A treatment model based on assessment of joint function, treatment of hypomobile segments, and protection of healing tissues at hypermobile segments is described.
Key Words: joint mobilization, injury prevention